Tooth Extraction: How is It Done and Is It Necessary?

September 1, 2021

Filed under: Uncategorized — tntadmin @ 10:36 pm
Man smiling in dental chair

Although tooth extraction is the most common oral surgery, it is done when necessary. Our primary goal is to preserve your teeth and gums with the different treatments. However, there are times when a dentist near you may recommend the removal of the teeth.

When is Tooth Extraction an Ideal Treatment?

Tooth extraction near you is an ideal solution if you have any of the following dental problems:

  • Severe decay

Decay develops in stages, and in mild stages, dental fillings are usually used. However, as the infection progresses, it will affect the inner layers and surrounding tissues. This causes the teeth to get damaged and require extraction to stop decay.

  • Impacted teeth

Impacted teeth occur when the jaw lacks enough space to hold the teeth. The wisdom teeth are the most affected because they often come out between ages 17 and 25 when the jaw has attained full maturity.

The teeth can either emerge partially or get completely entrapped underneath the gums. Regardless of how the teeth come out, impacted teeth can cause the dental structure to weaken. Tooth extraction is done to remove the teeth and prevent further damage to the teeth.

  • Overcrowding

Overcrowding occurs when you have narrow jaws, and the teeth overlap. This can cause the teeth to become misaligned and put pressure on the jaw. Our dentist in 33952 may recommend tooth extraction to make room for the orthodontic or teeth alignment treatment.

  • Periodontal treatment

Gum disease causes the gums to recede and exposes the roots. The infection can cause the teeth to weaken, and a tooth extraction is done to remove the damaged teeth.

You may also need a tooth extraction if you are at risk of an infection or have compromised immunity.

How is the Teeth Extraction Done?

Tooth extraction can either be simple or surgical, depending on the visibility of the teeth. A simple extraction is done in about 30 to 45 minutes.

Dr. R. Boyd Gilleland will anesthetize the gums and surrounding tissues. You may feel pressure as the teeth are pulled, but no pain. The dentist will use an elevator and forceps to loosen and remove the teeth.

A surgical extraction is done to remove impacted teeth, and the dentist can use anesthesia and sedation. The dentist will cut the gums to access the teeth. He may remove the bone around the teeth or cut the teeth into pieces before removing them.

What Happens After the Teeth Are Removed?

It is normal to experience pain after the extraction process as the numbness begins to clear. A blood clot also develops 24 hours after.

The clot forms to protect the socket and facilitate healing. If the clot dislodges or breaks, the socket will break, and the bone is exposed causing pain and bad breath. Swelling, bleeding, and soreness are also common problems that may develop.

How Long Does Healing Take?

Healing will differ depending on the type of extraction done. A simple extraction can take around three to seven days. Healing takes longer if surgical extraction is done as the soft tissue need to heal too.

Are There Risks That May Develop?

Tooth extraction infection may occur, and you will notice white or yellow pus. Consult the dentist if you have swelling lasting for two to three days, pain, fever, bad taste, and bleeding that lasts for 24 hours. The dentist will prescribe medication to get rid of the bacteria and infection.

What are the Dos and Don’ts After Extraction?

Aftercare will depend on the location and type of extraction done. However, simple practices that you can do to hasten the healing process include:

  • Take the medication as prescribed by the dentist
  • Avoid drinking beverages with a straw in the first 48 hours to protect the blood clot
  • Use an ice bag on the affected area after the procedure to prevent swelling
  • Rest from all strenuous activities in the first 24 hours

Schedule an Appointment

Visit R. Boyd Gilleland DDS for more information about tooth extraction, how it is done and what you can expect during and after the procedure.